Lesson 44 - Health - Grammar(part2)


Reported Speech

Reported Statements

When do we use reported speech? Sometimes someone says a sentence, for example "I'm going to the cinema tonight". Later, maybe we want to tell someone else what the first person said.

Watch my reported speech video: 

Here's how it works:

We use a 'reporting verb' like 'say' or 'tell'. (Click here for more about using 'say' and 'tell' .) If this verb is in the present tense, it's easy. We just put 'she says' and then the sentence:

·         Direct speech: I like ice cream.

·         Reported speech: She says (that) she  likes ice cream.

We don't need to change the tense, though probably we do need to change the 'person' from 'I' to 'she', for example. We also may need to change words like 'my' and 'your'.

(As I'm sure you know, often, we can choose if we want to use 'that' or not in English. I've put it in brackets () to show that it's optional. It's exactly the same if you use 'that' or if you don't use 'that'.)

But, if the reporting verb is in the past tense, then usually we change the tenses in the reported speech:

·         Direct speech: I like ice cream.

·         Reported speech: She said (that) she  liked ice cream.


Direct Speech

Reported Speech

present simple

I like ice cream

She said (that) she liked ice cream.

present continuous

I am living in London

She said (that) she was living in London.

past simple

I bought a car

She said (that) she had bought a car OR She said (that) she bought a car.

past continuous

I was walking along the street

She said (that) she had been walking along the street.

present perfect

I haven't seen Julie

She said (that) she hadn't seen Julie.

past perfect*

I had taken English lessons before

She said (that) she had taken English lessons before.


I'll see you later

She said (that) she would see me later.


I would help, but..

She said (that) she would help but...


I can speak perfect English

She said (that) she could speak perfect English.


I could swim when I was four

She said (that) she could swim when she was four.


I shall come later

She said (that) she would come later.


I should call my mother

She said (that) she should call her mother


I might be late

She said (that) she might be late


I must study at the weekend

She said (that) she must study at the weekend OR She said she had to study at the weekend

* doesn't change.

Exercise 2

Cсылка - https://learningapps.org/display?v=pf66yyhvt18

Choose the correct word or phrase in each sentence.

Exercise 3

Turn the following sentences into reported speech

1. "My friend lives in Moscow," said Alec.
2. "You have not done your work well," said the teacher to me.
3. The poor man said to the rich man: "My horse is wild. It can kill your horse."
4. The rich man said to the judge: "This man's horse has killed my horse."
5. "This man spoke to me on the road," said the woman.
6. "I can't ex¬plain this rule to you," said my classmate to me,
7. The teacher said to the class: "We shall discuss this subject tomorrow."
8. The woman said to her son: "I am glad I am here."
9. Mike said: "We have bought these books today."
10. She said to me: "Now I can read your translation,"
11. Our teacher said: "Thackeray's novels are very interesting."
12. She said: "You will read this book in the 9th form."
13. Nellie said: "I read 'Jane Eyre' last year."

Exercise 4

Ссылка - https://learningapps.org/display?v=pgq80cavt18

Choose the correct answer

Exercise 5

Turn following sentences into direct speech

1. Не said that while crossing the English Chan¬nel they had stayed on deck all the time.
2. The woman said she had felt sick while crossing the Channel.
3. She said she was feeling bad that day.
4. Tom said he would go to see the doctor the next day.
5. He told me he was ill. 6. He told me he had fallen ill.
7. They told me that Tom had not come to school the day before.
8. I told my sister that she might catch cold.
9. She told me she had caught cold.
10. The old man told the doctor that he had pain in his right side.
11. He said he had just been examined by a good doctor.
12. He said he would not come to school until Monday.
13. The man said he had spent a month at a health-resort.
14. He said that his health had greatly improved since then.