Lesson 45 - Ilnesses - Grammar(part2)


                                                        Indirect commands

Keep quiet! Don't make noise!

He told me He asked me

to keep quiet and not to make noise

Exercise 1

Put the following sentences into indirect speech.

1."Go home," said the teacher to us.
2. "Buy some meat in the shop," said my mother to me.
3. "Sit down at the table and do your homework," said my mother to me.
4. "Don't forget to clean your teeth," said granny to Helen.
5. "Don't sit up late," said the doctor to Mary.
6. The doctor said to Pete: "Don't go for a walk today."
7. "Don't eat too much ice-cream," said Nick's mother to him.
8. "Explain to me how to solve this problem," said my friend to me.
9. The doctor said to Nick: "Open your mouth and show me your tongue."
10. "Don't be afraid of my dog," said the man to Kate.
11. "Take this book and read it," said the librarian to the boy.

Reporting questions. Reporting yes-no questions and alternative questions

Indirect reports of yes-no questions and questions with  or consist of a reporting clause and a reported clause introduced by  if or whetherIf is more common than  whether. The reported clause is in statement form (subject + verb), not question form:




Direct Speech

Indirect Speech

He asked, "Do you speak English?"

He asked if I spoke English.

My mom asked me, "Are you hungry?"

My mom asked me if I was hungry.

My mom asked, "Have you eaten?"

My mom asked if I had eaten.

Sally asked, "Can you ride a bike?"

Sally asked if I could I ride a bike.

John asked, "Is it raining?"

John asked if it was raining.

Exercise 2

Put the following questions into indirect speech.

1. I said to Boris: "Does your friend live in London?"
2. I said to the man: "Are you living in a hotel?"
3. Nick said to his friend: "Will you stay at the 'Hilton'?"
4. He said to me: "Do you often go to see your friends?"
5. He said to me "Will you see your friends before you leave St. Petersburg?"
6. Mike said to Jane: "Will you come to the railway station to see me off?"
7. She said to me: "Have you sent them a telegram?"
8. She said to me: "Did you send them a telegram yesterday?"
9. I said to Mike: "Have you packed your suitcase?"
10. I said to Kate: "Did anybody meet you at the station?"
11. I said to her: "Can you give me their address?"
12. I asked Tom: "Have you had breakfast?"
13. I asked my sister: "Will you stay at home or go for a walk after dinner?"
14. I said to my mother: "Did anybody come to see me?"
15. I asked my sister: "Will Nick call for you on the way to school?"
16. She said to the young man: "Can you call a taxi for me?"
17. Mary said to Peter: "Have you shown your photo to Dick?"
18. Oleg said to me: "Will you come here tomorrow?"
19. He said to us: "Did you go to the museum this morning?"

Reporting wh-questions

Indirect reports of wh-questions consist of a reporting clause, and a reported clause beginning with a  wh-word (who, what, when, where, why, how ). We don’t use a question mark:

Direct Speech

Indirect Speech

"Who are you talking to?" she asked.

She asked me who I was talking to.

My mom asked me, "What are you doing?"

My mom asked me what I was doing.

Craig asked, "When are we leaving?"

Craig asked when we were leaving.

My dad asked, "Where are you meeting?"

My dad asked where we were meeting.

My sister asked me, "Why are you so sad?"

My sister asked me why I was so sad.

"How are you doing?" Jane asked.

Jane asked how I was doing.

Exercise 3

Put the following questions into indirect speech.

1. I said to Nick: "Where are you going?"
2. I said to him: "How long are you going to stay there?"
3. I said to him: "How long will it take you to get here?"
4. Pete said to his friends: "When are you Cleaving St. Petersburg?"
5. He said to them: "Who will you see before you leave here?"
6. They said to him: "What time does the train start?"
7. Ann said to Mike: "When did you leave London?"
8. She said to Boris: "When Will you be back home?"
9. Boris said to them: "How can I get to the rail¬way station?"
10. Mary asked Tom: "What time will you come here tomorrow?"
11. She asked me: "Why didn't you come here yesterday?"
12. She asked me: "What will you do tomorrow if you are not busy at your office?" 13.I asked Mike: "What will you do after dinner?"
14. I asked my uncle: "How long did you stay in the Crimea?"
15. Ada said to me: "Where did you see such trees?"
16. I said to Becky: "What kind of book has your friend brought you?"
17. Mother said to me: "Who has brought this parcel?"
18. He said to her: "Where do you usually spend your summer holidays?"

Exercise 4

Ссылка - https://learningapps.org/display?v=p931rx6yk18

Choose the correct answer

Exercise 5

Ссылка - https://learningapps.org/display?v=p3ea57ze518

Choose the correct answer