Lesson 69 - Nature - Reading(part3)



Exercise 1

Read and listen to the text about cows in India.

Why Are Cows Special in India?

About one billion people live in India. Many people live on small farms. They live a quiet and simple life. The family takes care of the farm and the animals. The most important animal on the farm is the cow. The cow helps on the farm in two ways. It gives milk to the family and it works on the farm.
The farmers do not make a lot of money. They can't buy machines to help them do their work. Also, the weather is a problem in India. In June, July, August, and September, there's a lot of rain. The ground gets very wet. Then the ground gets soft. A machine cannot work on soft ground, but a cow can work. Cows also do not cost a lot of money. They don't need gasoline or repairs like machines.
Farmers care about their cows very much. They want their cows to be happy. The farms aren't busy at certain times of the year. At these times, people wash and decorate their cows. Americans like to wash their cars, and Indians like to wash their cows. Two times year there are special celebrations for the cows. These celebrations are like Thanksgiving in the United States.
Old cows cannot work on farms. In India, it is against the law to kill a cow. So farmers send their cows away from the farm. The cows walk around free in the streets. Sometimes men sell grass in the street. People buy the grass and give it to the cows. People also give their own food to the cows, and cars are careful not to hit the cows. There are special animal hospitals for old or sick cows. The government and some rich people pay for these hospitals.
People in other countries do not understand why the other Indian government spends money on cows. There are many poor people in India who need money. Indians say Americans spend more money on cats and dogs. People in India care for over 200 million cows every year. They have cared for cows for a long time. It is a tradition that is thousands of years old.

Exercise 2

Exercise 3

Exercise 4

Exercise 5

Answer the questions.

1. What do you spend a lot of money on?
2. What is against the law in your country?
3. What is something that is soft?
4. What animals do you see on farms?
5. What repairs do you do in your home?
6. What is a problem you have in English?